About the Urban Forestry Division

Tree City USA Growth Award

The Urban Forestry Division manages, plans and cares for Somerville’s more than twelve thousand public trees. Somerville’s urban forest offers countless ecological, economic, and health benefits to the community. Trees remove carbon dioxide and harmful pollutants from the air, cool city temperatures, reduce storm-water runoff, all while increasing property values and beautifying urban landscapes.

 

  • Tree Planting Map

  • Videos

  • Emerald Ash Borer

  • How You Can Help

  • Data

  • Documents

Spring 2018 Tree Planting Map

The City of Somerville is planting more than 120 trees during the 2018 Spring planting season. The map below shows details about the placement and species of these trees.

 

Fall 2017 Tree Planting Map



Emerald Ash Borer

Officials with the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR) and the Department of Agricultural Resources (DAR) have confirmed that the Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) has been detected in 43 communities within eight counties in Massachusetts, and on August 17, 2018, DCR's Forest Health Program confirmed the presence of EAB in Somerville. The destructive beetle, which has been detected in 32 states, first appeared in the Commonwealth in the western town of Dalton in 2012. Since that time, the ash borer has been found in Berkshire, Essex, Hampden, Hampshire, Norfolk, Suffolk, and Worcester counties, as well as in multiple communities in Middlesex County where Somerville is located. To prevent its spread, the entire state of Massachusetts is now under ash borer quarantine, meaning that untreated firewood and other related materials (see below) may not be taken from the Commonwealth into any neighboring state. Officials have also urged all residents in Massachusetts to be alert for any sign of this invasive species.

About Ash Borers

The EAB is a small, flying beetle, native to Asia. It was first discovered in North America in 2002, in the Detroit, Michigan area. Unlike other invasive beetles, the EAB can kill a tree fast, within just a few years, because it bores directly under the bark, where the tree's conductive system is. Since its discovery in North America, it has killed millions of ash trees and has caused billions of dollars in economic loss across the nation.

Ash Trees: Popular in New England & Somerville

Ash is a main component of the Northern Hardwood forest in Massachusetts and is a common species in the Berkshires. Ash is also a common street tree in eastern Massachusetts. The City of Somerville has approximately 1,000 public ash trees (100 of which are on State property), which represents roughly 8 percent of the more than 12,000 public trees currently in the city.

Photo of a D-shaped Emerald Ash Borer exit hole in a treeSigns of Ash Borers

Residents are urged to take the time to learn the signs of EAB tree damage and be sure to report any sightings.

  • Look for tiny, D-shaped exit holes in the bark of ash trees, die-back in the upper third of the tree canopy, and sprouting of branches just below this dead area.
  • The Emerald ash borer is a small, emerald-green metallic beetle, so small that seven of them could fit on the head of a penny.

To report suspicious tree damage or insect sightings, or to learn more about this pest, visit www.massnrc.org/pests. You can also call the toll free EAB hotline at 1-866-322-4512.

More information about the Emerald Ash Borer can be found at in the EAB Guide on mass.gov and at http://emeraldashborer.info.

Stopping the Spread of Ash Borers at the State Level

DCR and DAR officials are working together, in collaboration with the United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and the USDA's United States Forest Service to take a number of swift proactive steps aimed at preventing the spread of the invasive beetle, including trapping programs for early identification and the introduction of parasitic wasps known to prey on the ash borer and thus control their population. The state is also under quarantine.

Regulated items that fall under quarantine include the following:

  • The Emerald ash borer, in any living stage of development;
  • Firewood of all hardwood species;
  • Nursery stock of the genus (Ash);
  • Green lumber of the genus (Ash);
  • Other material living, dead, cut, or fallen, including logs, stumps, roots, branches, and composted and uncomposted chips of the genus (Ash);
  • Any other article, product, or means of conveyance that an inspector determines presents a risk of spreading EAB.

Ash Borer Prevention in Public Trees in Somerville

Along with other cities and towns in our region, the City of Somerville is taking preventive measures to stop the spread of ash borer in our area to avoid tree loss:

  • Trapping: Ash borer traps (purple sticky traps) have been installed on select ash trees across the city for early detection of this pest. We will continue trapping to monitor the size and distribution of the EAB population.
  • Preventive Treatment: As a preventive measure, healthy and fair condition trees are injected on a regular schedule with the organic insecticide TreeAzin, which can ward off ash borers. This treatment must be applied every two years.
  • Tree Removal ONLY When Necessary: Unfortunately, sometimes trees are too sick to respond to treatment. In these cases, where absolutely necessary, dying and sick ash trees, which are more susceptible to infestation and can thus endanger nearby healthy ash trees, will be removed and replaced with other varieties of tree that thrive well in an urban environment.

Ash Trees on Private Property

Ash trees on private property are also susceptible to emerald ash borer. If you have an ash tree on your property, you should look for the signs of EAB listed above and consult with a certified arborist for recommendations and/or treatment. If the certified arborist determines that your ash tree needs to be treated or removed, please let the City know by emailing or calling 311. This allows the City arborist to collect data about where ash borers have been found and which trees have been treated. 

  • If you are not sure if your tree is an ash tree, this website can help you identify it.

Prevention of Ash Borer in Public Trees by the Numbers:

  • ~879 Trees Being Treated and/or Monitored (including 79 State-owned trees)
  • ~138 Require Removal and Replacement

Of Somerville's ~1,000 ash trees, 879 have been deemed to be in good or fair enough condition to benefit from preventive treatment with TreeAzin or to be in borderline poor condition warranting continued monitoring rather than removal. First-round injections for good-to-fair trees began in summer 2016 and will continue with regular boosters.

  • Treated 2016 = 273 trees
  • Treated 2017 = 410 trees
  • Treated 2018 = 412 (including 265 trees that were initially treated in 2016, and 60 trees that were treated by DCR)

Public Hearing on Ash Borer Prevention Tree Removal/Replacement

A public hearing on the proposed removals/replacements was held on:

Wednesday, May 25, 2016 at 5:30 p.m.
Somerville Water Department
17 Franey Road, Somerville (next to the DPW building)

Click here to view the presentation from the May 25th meeting.

Tree Notices: Updated June 28, 2016

Removal of the City's seven dead ash trees commenced in summer 2016. Currently, the listing of vulnerable ash trees scheduled for PHASED removal as of June 2016 citywide is available for viewing. A phased removal of the City's sick and dying ash trees remaining on this list, as well as additional trees that have died or become sick in the interim, is ongoing. The updated list will be posted after additional seasonal review. Approximately 60 of the sick and dying ash trees on the list are expected to be removed in late fall 2018.

Why Do City Trees Get Sick?

There are many reasons that tree health can deteriorate in high-stress urban environments. These factors apply to all tree species as well as the ash tree and are among the factors that have contributed to the poor condition of the ~138 ash trees proposed for preventive removal/replacement:

  • Inadequate oxygen or water intake due to compacted soils and impervious surfaces
  • Soil chemistry changes, including impacts of road salt, dog waste or competing plant growth
  • Poor air quality associated with vehicle emissions
  • Heat stress on root systems due to asphalt and sidewalks heating up in the summer sun
  • Physical injury due to vehicle collisions, storm damage, vandalism, etc.

Caring for Street Trees

Somerville is home to thousands of beloved publicly owned trees that offer countless benefits to the community: lowering urban temperatures, absorbing storm water, reducing air pollution, providing habitat, calming traffic, and so much more! Like all urban trees, Somerville trees face a number of challenges such as inadequate water and nutrient availability, small growing spaces, compacted soils, poor soil quality, vandalism, and other harmful human influences.

You can help. Become a Tree Steward.


1. Water

Watering is the most important thing you can do, especially for young trees.

  • Young trees need 15-20 gallons of water (that’s 3-4 large buckets) per week between May and October.
  • If there is a “gator bag” on the tree, it should be filled once a week.  It is designed to slowly release water into the soil, so it will not always be full.
  • If the tree does not have a gator bag, water slowly so that the water penetrates the soil and does not run off the surface.  You can poke small holes in a large bucket and let it drain into the soil overnight.
  • If the soil is compacted, carefully loosen the top 2-3 inches of soil to help water and air reach the roots. Do not dig deep into the soil and do not use large tools, as you could damage the tree’s roots.
  • If it rains 1 inch or more in a week, you do not need to water the tree.

Click on the images below to enlarge them:

Young trees need 15-20 gallons (3-4 large buckets) per week between May and October  The handles on the irrigation bag are used to position the bag.  If the irrigation bag was recently filled and the drip holes are not clogged, it will look like this under the bag.

 

2. Protect

Locking bikes to, or putting posters on, trees with staples or nails can wound the tree.Damage to the bark and wood creates wounds that compromise the health of a tree.

  • Do not lock bikes to trees.
  • Do not put signs on trees with nails or tape.
  • Do not break or rip off branches.
  • Do not fertilize young trees. Most fertilizers promote canopy growth over root growth.

3. Weed

Weeds are fast growing and reproducing plants that take resources from our street trees. Remove weeds from tree wells as frequently as possible.

  • Wear gloves when removing weeds.ƒ
  • Make sure the plant you’re removing is a weed.
  • Do not use a weed whacker or lawn mower in tree wells or near tree trunks, as these can damage the tree.
  • Weed your site early in the fall before weeds dry out and disperse seeds.
  • Take out the weed’s entire root system. Use a trowel to dig out stubborn roots.

4. Remove Trash and Waste

Tree pits are often receptacles for debris, litter, and waste that can be harmful to the tree’s health. Human and animal-derived waste can alter soil quality, damage exposed tree roots, and give the tree pit an unsightly appearance. Younger street trees are especially susceptible to this type of damage.

  • Wear gloves when removing trash.
  • Do not touch any hazardous or hazardous-looking materials (e.g., needles, toxic chemicals, dead animals). Call 311 if you find any.
  • Keep dogs and dog waste (both liquid and solid) away from the tree. The waste will overwhelm a tree, burning its trunk and throwing soil nutrients out of balance. Remove all of your pet’s droppings (or those of any other animal) from the tree bed.
  • Keep garbage and de-icing salt out of the tree pit. Try alternatives to rock salt (sodium chloride) such as calcium chloride, granular urea, sand, or sawdust. In the spring, flush the tree pit with water to dilute winter salt buildup. 
  • Pick up any discarded cigarette butts within tree pits. The inorganic material in cigarette filters will not decompose and the chemicals in the cigarette can damage the tree.

5. Planting Vegetation

Perennials, annuals, and bulbs are beautiful additions to a tree pit, as long as tree health comes first.

  • Raising the tree pit soil level by more than 2 inches can smother tree roots and harm tree trunks, which reduces the lifespan of a tree.
  • Do not plant flowers within 1-foot of the tree trunk.
  • For plantings made at the existing soil level, use small plants and bulbs – large plants require large planting holes, which damage tree roots. In addition plants with large root systems compete with the tree for water and nutrients.
  • Choose plants that require little watering. Keywords to look for are “drought tolerant” and “xeric conditions”.
  • When watering your plants, be sure to provide enough water for the tree, not just enough to perk up the flowers.
  • Mulching a tree pit with 2-3 inches of wood chips or shredded bark is good for your tree and plants. Mulch keeps the soil moist, insulates roots and prevents weeds from sprouting in tree pits. But it is important to keep all mulch at least 2 to 3  inches away from the trunk of the tree. Do NOT pile up the mulch around the trunk of the tree into “mulch volcano” because this can rot the bark and suffocate important structural roots.

 

Add 2-3" of mulch around trees, but keep it away from the trunk! Mulch "volcanoes" can damage trees.6. Communicate with the City

Call 311 to:

  • Request a new tree in front of your property.
  • Request the removal of a dead tree.  The City will not remove a healthy tree.
  • Request that a tree is trimmed (pruned).
  • Request that an arborist inspects the health of a tree.
  • Report serious damage to a tree.

Thumbnail preview links to PDF graph of total new trees planted citywide from 2010 to 2018