Somerville Supervised Consumption Site Report

  • Final Report & Summary

  • Community Meeting and Q&A

Community Meeting Videos

Questions & Answers

Questions that could not be addressed during the events above due to time constraints are answered in the links below. Please note that some questions have been reworded to use de-stigmatizing and person-centered language.


Harm Reduction and Outcomes

The aims of SCS are to reduce the risk of fatal overdose and connect individuals to needed health and social supports. While some of these supports include treatment, it is not required that individuals accessing the SCS engage in treatment. Ongoing monitoring and evaluating of the site should include a range of metrics to assess effectiveness, including topics focused on the accessibility and usefulness of the site for people who use drugs (e.g., meeting needs, hours of operation accessible, services needed are offered), health outcomes (e.g. impact on overdose, HIV and hepatitis C infections, linkages to treatment), and community impacts (e.g. impact on publicly discarded paraphernalia, impact on public drug consumption).

Currently, there are no harm reduction agencies operating out of permanent facilities (i.e. brick and mortar) in Somerville. While there are some services offering medications for opioid use disorder, access to harm reduction supplies and supports for people who use drugs are variable and often conducted through street outreach. An SCS would provide a permanent space where people could access harm reduction supports, as well as a range of wraparound services that meet their needs. It would also provide a space where drug consumption would be monitored under the supervision of trained staff who could intervene in the event of an emergency like an overdose. No services currently offer these types of supports.

As part of phase two of this work, the Task Force will lead community engagement and education events. Part of that work will include discussions related to harm reduction and the needs of people who use drugs, and how SCS can facilitate connections to care.


Location

While fatal overdoses have decreased in Somerville since 2018, fatal overdose surveillance data for 2020 is provisional and subject to change. Moreover, the Somerville police and fire departments respond to more than 100 overdose-related calls each year. These data suggest that overdose remains a major public health crisis in Somerville, and the city currently lacks supports for people who use drugs. SCS are one public health intervention being considered by the city as critical for minimizing fatal overdose rates.

While Lowell and Lawrence have faced significant upticks in HIV cases recently, this needs assessment and feasibility study was conducted only to look at Somerville specifically, with recommended siting of an SCS in Somerville being guided by access to public transit. However, research has shown that people do not tend to travel more than 20 minutes (or approximately one mile) to use an SCS and therefore it is unlikely people would travel from these other cities. It is important for other cities and towns across Massachusetts to consider a range of public health interventions to address the health needs of people who use drugs, including SCS, where appropriate.

As part of the recommendations in the report, it has been advised that the City undertake a transparent site selection process to identify potential locations for an SCS in Somerville that is inclusive of a range of stakeholders. During the site selection process, as well as ongoing dialogue opportunities related to the SCS, this would be a critical point to highlight.


Community Impact

Existing research on SCS have not shown an increase in violence nor any impact to property following the implementation of an SCS. In fact, research has shown that SCS enhance public order and public safety in the neighborhoods in which they are located. Further, research has shown that individuals do not generally travel further than 20 minutes (approximately one mile) to access SCS, so it is unlikely that Somerville would experience an increase in the number of individuals coming to the city to use the site.

 

Outreach

No specific outreach was conducted with law enforcement as part of this needs assessment and feasibility study. However, these conversations may have been undertaken by the City outside of these study efforts. Next phases of this work will include outreach to a range of stakeholder groups in Somerville, including prosecutors and law enforcement, that will be led by the City and the Somerville SCS Task Force.

Upcoming Events